importance of english language in pakistan pdf
Previous studies focusing on the role of English in developing countries have reached different conclusions. Pakistan, however, lacks a definite language policy but English language is given due importance in educational sector [Coleman (2010); ... Urdu is the national language of Pakistan since independence. This is in sharp, contrast to the policy of having just one national language as a marker of unity, and nationhood, prevalent among nations in South Asia and Africa during the early, UNESCOâs position paper titled âEducation in a multilingual worldâ (2003) urges a, change in attitudes towards multilingualism as it is a reality in many nations of the, world. the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) annual meeting. In H.Coleman (ed. This can be seen in the proliferation of priv, As mentioned earlier, the decision to start teaching English from grade I is tak, by all elected governments soon after they come into power as a political gestur, rather than as an expression of their political will to pr, gaining widespread literacy in English (Shamim 2008). If not, how can people in de, contexts be enabled to choose one or more languages for individual, societal, The ï¬rst question seeks to initiate a debate on linguistic rights in developing, countries and indicates the need for empowerment in determining the choice of. Now it has gained the status of international language. By employing qualitative design, eighteen teachers (12 females and 6 males) were selected through convenient sampling. universities to enable them to compete with their more fortunate counterparts. Language forms the medium of communication through verbal and nonverbal means which help to develop understanding. Therefore, it is the need of the hour to acquire competence in the English language to cope up with the real challenges of the modern era. contribution to the growing debate about the role of English in the w, linguistics and development studies, and indeed to anyone with an interest in the. at the time of the study), the Centre pr, state of neglect and deprivation. The study offers recommendations that could help the Pakistani policymakers to align the policy with practice, research, and the teachersâ voices in order to achieve the desired outcomes. However, the use of English in education is one of the main sources of failure for many ordinary people (Bruthiaux, 2002). Although teachers and students make occasional use of English words and short sentences, they demonstrate little communicative potential and natural command of the language. Language use within the classroom is thus seen in terms of the need to communicate meaning with the goal of ensuring access to knowledge and thereby fostering individual development. The current language policy in general and the language, This study analyses the crisis of English teaching in Pakistan. The declaration of E, close link between education and development at the individual, national and, global levels. I show how microlending offers an effective route around this problem and argue that literacy is essential in transforming the poor's perception of their own economic potential. Drawing from the symbolic power of language and the sociolinguistics of globalization as a theoretical lens, this study involves participants from four types of schools in Pakistan: elite private, elite public, general private, and general public to have participants from different social classes. Neither of the other local languages are either taught in schools or allocated any instrumental support of any kind. Grammar-translation The study concludes that with current policies and pedagogical approaches, English-for-academic-purposes can be counterproductive as most students learn neither language nor subject material substantively. principals and experts observers, the study finds that early English-medium policy appears, delusional as those beliefs are underpinned neither by, tongue based multilingual policy. Language is at the basis of ideas, thoughts, communication, knowledge, inventions, education, science, technology, and many other countless things. Development: Africa and Beyond: Proceedings of the 7th Int, language-in-education programmes in Estonia and South Africa.
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