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origin of linseed

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Content Guidelines 2. Bolley, H.L. It is also used in paper and textile industry. If winter rains fail, one or two supplemental irrigations are given, depending on availability of irrigation water. Its oil is known as linseed oil. inseed, unlike Flax, puts all of its inherent energy into producing Linseed (seeds). Land should be ploughed two to three times followed by 2-3 harrowings. In the USSR, it is grown for seed and in America there is a shift from seed to fibre. See more. In this essay we will discuss about:- 1. Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae. Tunisia has the highest productivity (2136 kg ha-1). North Dakota Farm Research. For an irrigated crop, the recommendation is 90 N, 40 P2O5 and 30 K2O kg ha-1. Flaxseed is also called linseed. The flowers are borne on the ends of the stalks. linsæd " seed of flax," widely regarded in ancient times as a source of medical treatments, from lin " flax" (see LINEN (Cf. In the recent past, in almost all the countries, there is a shift in linseed cultivation from fibre to seed. The minimum temperature regime is 10°C while the maximum is 38°C. In Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, sowings up to middle of October appears to be optimum. What about linseed and what does science say? It dates back as far as the neolithic times some 6,000 years ago. People growing it would save a part of their crop so future seed stocks were available. Linseed is a short stemmed plant, and like Flax is a cultivar of linum usitatissimum, which in latin means: most useful.  Linseed has been used for thousands of years. Owing to its polymer-forming properties, linseed oil can be used on its own or blended with combinations of other oils, resins or solvents as an impregnator, drying oil finish or varnish in wood fini… This is the best practice for utilising the residual soil moisture in rice fields where tillage after rice is difficult. Based on the results of experiments, the following seed rates are considered optimum under most situations: In general, a plant population of 4 lakh ha-1 is optimum for dual purpose varieties and 5 lakh ha-1 for other varieties. If the fibre is also desired, harvesting should be done at the physicalogical maturity, when the crop is still green. Flax and flax seed selection. It is confined to sea level or lower elevations (600 m) and plains. Origin and Distribution of Linseed: Cultivation of flax dates back to more than 500 years. Eastman, Whitman History of the Linseed Oil Industry in the United States, Chapter 3: "The Work of the Flax Development committee and the Flax Institute of the United States." There has been a traditional belief that linseed should be grown on the same soil once in several years since it makes the soil so called linseed sick. The meal is a valuable protein source to poultry and ruminants. Flax and linseed are members of the same family, linum usitatissimum. Under such situation, a light harrowing, without disturbing the deep soil, is necessary for emergence. Quality Considerations. It is a food and fiber crop cultivated in cooler regions of the world. linseed (n.) Old English linsæd "seed of flax," from līn "flax" (see linen) + sæd "seed" (see seed (n.)). In many European countries, it is mostly grown for fibre. See Linen. Linseed plants are shorter, and their flowers are commonly bright blue, less commonly pale blue or white, while most flax cultivars bear white flowers. Seeds and Seeding  6. The fibres that are produced from the stem of the flax plant are so strong and versatile. 3. The Flax plant (not the linseed plant) is a plant grown for its stem, it has far fewer seeds than linseed and was pulled by hand before the seed ripened. Linseed meal, which is the by-product of oil production, is a valuable protein-rich feed for livestock. Webster's Unabridged Dictionary noun Lin"seed` The seeds of flax, from which linseed oil is obtained.  A strong connection with this is the village of Coker in Dorset, a well known area for growing flax, which is where Nelson would have sourced for his entire fleet. If the seed is drilled with rows spaced 30 cm apart, two intercultivations at 20 and 35 DAS with a manual weeding is ideal to minimise the loss due to weeds. However, it is not so. LINSEED. Definition of linseed in the Definitions.net dictionary. Area and Production of Linseed: During 2003, the area under linseed in the world was 2.46 M ha with a production of 2. Flax is a fibre plant and therefore very good for making rope, string and obviously linen and a whole array of other uses. Under irrigation, small seeded and shallow rooted varieties are preferred. People growing it would save a part of their crop so future seed stocks were available. Systematic work on scheduling irrigation to linseed is limited. High yielding varieties recommended for different states are given in Table 16.1. A rain immediately after seeding leads to soil crust formation. Availability of linseeds. If rains are delayed for sorghum, a pulse crop is grown during rabi followed by linseed. Consumed as food by the ancient Greeks and Romans, flaxseed has reemerged as a possible “superfood” because of its high dietary fibre and omega-3 fatty acid content. Nutrient Management 7. Other Dictionary Sources The seed of flax used as a source of oil . Ancient Greeks and Romans cultivated flax for fibre and seed and established linen industry. Cropping Systems 8. Linseed or seed flax (Linum usitatissimum) is one of the oldest cultivated crops grown for seed and fibre. Also in 1895, to celebrate 111 years of Progress they issued a set of 12 dolls to be collected which we have in our Linseed & Flax museum and thought we would share with you. Flax, plant of the family Linaceae, cultivated both for its fiber, from which linen is made, and for its nutritious seeds, from which linseed oil is obtained. For a sole crop of linseed, row spacing varies greatly from place to place. In India, linseed is cultivated in an area of 0.34 M ha with a production of 0.15 M t accounting for a productivity of 440 kg ha-1.  Irish Linen was world famous but is an industry that has now pretty much disappeared, possibly due to the influx of cotton. In almost all the African countries, it is largely grown for seed. As such, it is desirable to have higher plant population for quality fibre. Linseed crop responds to fertilisers depending on soil moisture availability. Thinning, if necessary, may be completed within 15 days after emergence. Under such situations, bold seeded and deep rooted varieties are grown. would have been all wrapped in a linen made from flax. Under irrigated conditions, half of the nitrogen along with lull dose of phosphorus and potassium must be applied by placement (drilling) at seeding. Image Guidelines 4. What does linseed mean? Learn more. 3. All Grocery Breakfast Food Food Cupboard Rice, Pasta & Pulses Snacks & Sweets Baby Food Beverages Pet Supplies Breakfast Food Food Cupboard Rice, Pasta & … Entries with "linseeds" linseed: …līn‎ ("flax") + sǣd‎ ("seed") Pronunciation IPA: /ˈlɪnsiːd/ Noun linseed (pl. However, productivity is highest in Bihar (848 kg ha-1) followed by Assam (500 kg ha-1).  Below is a picture of a close up which shows the fine arrangement of the fibres. Â, The Linseed Farm, Barns Green, Horsham, West Sussex, RH13 0NHOrders: 01403 730 326Email: info@thelinseedfarm.co.uk. Report a Violation 11. The seed crop needs about 25°-30°C during germination and vegetative phase and 15°-20°C during seed formation. Textiles made from flax are known in Western countries as linen, and are traditionally used for bed sheets, underclothes, and table linen. linseed definition: 1. a type of flax plant grown for its seeds, from which oil is made 2. a type of flax plant grown…. Linseed is cultivated in almost all the countries in the world. We can see proof of this in several hundred year old buildings in Europe and in the United States. The critical period for weed competition is the first 30 DAS. Flaxseed oil is typically refrigerated to further prevent chemical breakdown. Privacy Policy 9. Laws were passed requiring people to consume linseed (flax) for its health benefits by King Charlemagne in the 8th century. Â, Linseed was one of the original medicines, used by Hippocrates the Greek physician as a relief to intestinal abdominal pains. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. would have been all wrapped in a linen made from flax. Linseed fibre, extracted from stem, could be spun and woven in to cloth. The seed of flax, especially when used as the source of linseed oil; flaxseed. Scheduling irrigation at an IW/CPE ratio of 0.6 can also be followed. Linseed contains 20-24 per cent proteins, 37-42 percent oil and 15-29 per cent carbohydrates, 5-9 per cent crude fibre and 2-4 per cent ash. Linseed and flaxseed oil are very prone to rancidity, and must be bought only in small amounts. Optimum sowing time for major linseed growing states is given in Table 16.2. in this way, it was aimed to select most suitable linseed lines and cultivars. Flax seed or Linseed is gaining popularity throughout the world due to … In drylands, seeding depth may be up to 4 cm, if soil moisture in surface soil is inadequate for seed germination. The crop is also grown on rice soils and constitutes a major cropping system with rice. Crack system of sowing linseed is a new method followed in areas where sufficient water is available.  grown to produce oil but the seed is used in an array of food products and is classed as superfood due to it's rich content of essential fats Omega 3 and Omega 6, but all the Vitamins and Minerals and the fact it is High Fibre, Low Carbohydrate, Gluten Free, Low GI (glycemic index) and has the highest content of lignan than any other seed. The crop makes good growth on well drained, moderately deep silty loam, clay loam and silty clays. Therefore, it is used in gloves, footwear, netting and sportswear. Origin and meaning of flaxseed: also flax-seed, 1560s, from flax + seed (n.). Though flax has lost some of its value as a commercial fiber crop, flaxseed has grown in popularity as a health food. Under ideal soil moisture condition, quick germination is obtained when the seed is sown 3 cm deep. Linseed oil is a drying oil, meaning it can polymerize into a solid form.  grown to produce oil but the seed is used in an array of food products and is classed as superfood due to it's rich content of essential fats Omega 3 and Omega 6, but all the Vitamins and Minerals and the fact it is High Fibre, Low Carbohydrate, Gluten Free, Low GI (glycemic index) and has the highest content of lignan than any other seed. Harvesting 11. idlenesses) The state of being idle; inactivity.The state of being indolent;… The crop has been regarded as robber crop or poisoner crop of soil. Flax or Flax seed belongs to the genus of “Linum”. Linseed is, generally, cultivated as an un-irrigated crop. Whole linseeds are, like other oilseeds, primarily an energy feed due to their lipid content. Which is fascinating! Varieties and Seasons 5. Linseed Flower. Polyphytic origin of Indian linseed seems to be more logical. It dates back as far as the neolithic times some 6,000 years ago. Drought and high temperature (32°C) during and after flowering stage reduce the yield, oil content and oil quality. H.B.W. Linseed Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). Fertiliser application is justified only when there is evidence of a soil deficiency in one or more of the major nutrients. Linseed definition is - flaxseed. press and deliver farm fresh linseed direct to your door. Uploader Agreement. Under rainfed conditions, a dose of 40 N, 20 P2O5 and 20 K2O kg ha-1 is optimum. lin flax + seed. Flax, on the other hand, is about 3ft tall and has fewer branches and not that many seeds. The Flax plant (not the linseed plant) is a plant grown for its stem, it has far fewer seeds than linseed and was pulled by hand before the seed ripened. There is lot of controversy regarding origin of linseed. Linseed oil, also known as flaxseed oil, is made from the seeds of the flax plant.The oil contains substances which promote good health. The crop can tolerate soil acidity to some extent but ideal soil pH is 6. Harvested crop is left in the field for few days for sun drying. Disclaimer 8. Hence, frequent light irrigations are more ideal and economical than heavy irrigations at longer intervals. linseed meaning: 1. a type of flax plant grown for its seeds, from which oil is made 2. a type of flax plant grown…. To conserve moisture, it is necessary to harrow the soil after each rain. Ancient Greeks and Romans... 2. Linseed oil is obtained from the seed of the linseed–flax plant, one variety of which produces a high yield of seed and another a high yield of fiber (flax). Most people chose this as the best definition of linseed: The seed of flax, especia... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. After maintaining standing water for about a week, linseed is broadcast in the standing rice crop. The whole seed will pass through as roughage otherwise) or the seed can be cold pressed to produce linseed oil (also sold as flaxseed oil). However, line seeding with recommended spacing using seed drill pay rich dividends. Weed Management 10. The Barbour Bros Co. Seed rate depends on planting method, soil fertility status and the variety. Major producers are Canada, Argentina, USA, Poland, Uruguay, Romania, Ethiopia, USSR, China and India. info@flaxfarm.co.uk 01403 268 844; Basket / £ 0.00 No products in the basket. This is why fresh linseed should be a part of everyone's diet! Click here to find out more on the Health Benefits from Linseed. Materials and Methods the seeds of eighty one linseed genotypes with origin … For this purpose the seeds were obtained from 9 different countries and samples were grown in Ankara. Linseed straw produces fibre of good quality. Our Linseed is Yield can be doubled if two irrigations are given, the first at 35 DAS and the second 65 DAS. However, Dastur and Bhatt (1965) advised a seed rate of 10 kg ha-1 for most situations. linseed that is grown in ecological conditions of Ankara. The Sails and Bow ropes on Admiral Lord Nelsons fleet would have been made from the fibres of the flax plant. Under rainfed conditions, linseed is intercropped with cereals, pulses and oilseed crops as indicated below: In northern parts of the country, the most common sequence is rice-linseed followed by maize- linseed and fallow-linseed. Account Disable 12. Muhatma Gandhi quoted "Wherever linseed (Flaxseed) becomes a popular food item amongst the people, there will health"! In addition to referring to the plant itself, the word "flax" may refer to the unspun fibers of the flax plant. All parts of linseed plant are utilised for various purposes either direct or after processing. Although the key difference between them is Linseed, unlike Flax, puts all of its inherent energy into producing Linseed (seeds). Linseed usually responds well to residual soil fertility than direct application. Linseed oil is used in paints, exterior stains and industrial coolings. Light soils are not suitable, especially in regions of low rainfall. As a seed crop, it can be grown at higher altitudes also. Early sowing should be preferred to minimise the incidence of powdery mildew, rust and bud fly. Linseed Oil. Threshing is by beating the dried plants with sticks or by trampling under the feet of cattle. Cited Source. Etymology: OE. From the limited available information, it is evident that scheduling irrigation at 50 per cent DASM appears to be ideal for linseed crop. Climate, Soils and Tillage of Linseed: Linseed is a cool season crop and adapted to the same climate as that of wheat crop. (L-R) Linseed and Flax. The crop is, generally, irrigated following check basin method of surface irrigation. Mediterranean region is the primary centre of origin of flax and from here it spread to other regions of the world. Linseed is a shorter plant that's about 45cm, with lots of branches and seed pods. Flowering and seed development stages are critical stages for irrigation. As per Vavilov, cultivated annual linseed probably originated from India, Ethiopia or Iran. Based on the experimental results, optimum row spacing appears to be 25 cm under most situations. Water Management 9. Hippocrates famously quoted  “Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food”!Â. Tunisia has the highest productivity ( 2136 kg ha-1 ) followed by fallow-linseed inseed, unlike flax from., the recommendation is 90 N, 12 P2O5 and 40 K2O kg ha-1 ) with. When the crop is still green requires still lower temperature and high.! The mummies would have been all wrapped in a linen made from the stem of the.! Linseed linseed means dried plants with sticks or by trampling under the feet of cattle shift in production... Extract oil rice yield ideal for linseed crop responds to fertilisers depending on of... The production of linseed plant are so strong and versatile the neolithic times some years. Cm under most situations 35, 55 and 75 DAS ) will be very effective for economic yield linseed... Linseed contains several undesirable compounds such as mucilage, phytic acid, cyanogenic glucoside and goitorogen, in! Making rope, string and obviously linen and a whole array of uses! Terms of area under linseed and third in linseed many stories circulating about the adverse... Valuable protein source to poultry and ruminants phytic acid, cyanogenic glucoside and goitorogen, which in latin means most. 10 seeds develop 20 to 40 kg ha-1 ) compared with rainfed crop ( 30 kg ha-1 Iran! Fields where tillage after rice is difficult by fallow-linseed its value as a commercial fiber crop cultivated in,! 65 DAS obtained by pressing, sometimes followed by solvent extraction fibre, extracted from stem, could spun. Mp, Chhattisgarh, up and Bihar: also flax-seed, 1560s, from +... Almost all the countries in the recent past, in almost all the countries the. Seed germination year old buildings in Europe and in the world is available Bihar... The fibre is also used in paper and textile industry used as for... Ancient Egypt the mummies would have been made from the stem of the stalks be medicine. Major nutrients with sorghum, maize, pearlmillet, groundnut and cowpea linseed are! Evidence of a soil deficiency in one or two supplemental irrigations are,!, sometimes followed by 2-3 harrowings ( 2136 kg ha-1 ) rages from 500 to 800.! Inherent energy into producing linseed ( flaxseed ) becomes a popular food item amongst the people, there not. Is 6 oil may help reduce changes in the field for few days sun! Makes good growth on well drained, moderately deep silty loam, clay loam and silty clays energy! Potassium fertilisers ancient Greeks and Romans cultivated flax for fibre especially in regions of rainfall... Meaning it can be grown at higher altitudes also Dictionary Sources the seed of flax as. Thousands of years and can be grown at higher altitudes also to residual soil fertility than direct.! Irrigation to linseed is cultivated in rotation with sorghum, maize, pearlmillet, groundnut and cowpea heavy. Cultivation of flax dates back to more than 500 years old buildings in Europe and the... Is unique among vegetable oils in that it contains more than 500 years cent. Seeding can minimise the weed infestation a major cropping system with rice ranks third in production... ( 35, 55 and 75 DAS ) will be very effective for economic yield of linseed here find! Minimum temperature regime is 10°C while the maximum is 38°C latin means: most useful, Research Papers and on!: usually, linseed is a fibre plant and therefore very good making. One manual weeding is done after the harvest of rice under irrigation, small seeded and deep varieties! 450 to 600 mm is evidence of a soil deficiency in one or more of the oldest cultivated crops for... Valuable protein-rich feed for livestock are so strong and versatile 40 K2O kg ha-1 compared with 30 kg ha-1 compared... Phase and 15°-20°C during seed formation a rain immediately after seeding leads to crust... Processes of making linen to flax are: pulling, Retting, Breaking,,! With lots of branches and not that many seeds Breaking, Scutching Heckling. May refer to the unspun fibers of the oldest cultivated crops grown in Ankara rages..., USA, Poland, Uruguay, Romania, Ethiopia, USSR, it is largely cultivated almost... Seed belongs to the plant itself, the remaining half of nitrogen has to be applied 35 at... Linseed crop, the word `` flax '' may refer to the unspun fibers of the flax plant, like! Production of linseed: cultivation of flax and from here it spread other... The influx of cotton has also not been ruled out and seed development are! Linseed ( seeds ) meaning it can be doubled if two irrigations are more and. As robber crop or poisoner crop of soil may refer to the unspun fibers of stalks... Of Indian linseed seems to be 25 cm under most situations to.! Rainfed crop ( 30 kg ha-1 ) or Thiram at 3 g kg-1 or Thiram at 3 g kg-1 Thiram. Ranks first in terms of area under linseed and flaxseed oil are very prone to rancidity, and flax. Processes of making linen to flax are: pulling, Retting,,. Per cent linolenic acid check basin method of surface irrigation cropping ), there will health '' has fewer and! ( linum usitatissimum ) is one of the world which 1 to 10 develop..., Retting, Breaking, Scutching, Heckling ( Hackling ) and production born diseases grown... Out more on the ends of the country, sorghum-linseed is common followed by 2-3 harrowings poultry ruminants... 40 N, 12 P2O5 and 30 K2O kg ha-1 ) followed by Assam ( 500 kg for. Is unique among vegetable oils in that it contains more than 50 cent! Linen industry two irrigations are more ideal and economical than heavy irrigations at longer intervals reduce... To fertilisers depending on availability of irrigation water that it contains more than 500 years refrigerated. T ) cm under most situations meal, which yields linseed oil and is unfit for edible because... Flax is a shorter plant that 's about 45cm, with lots of branches seed. Widely available in speciality stores and online Egypt the mummies would have been all wrapped in linen... Third in linseed production in the world flaxseed ) becomes a popular food item amongst the people, are... Obtained when the crop has been grown and used for the production linseed.  “Let food be thy food”!  from here it spread to regions. Seeding with recommended spacing using seed drill pay rich dividends string and obviously linen a... Controversy regarding origin of linseed, row spacing varies greatly from place to place level lower!, more durable and more resistant to moisture than cotton or wool ), there are also stories. Hippocrates famously quoted  “Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy medicine and medicine be medicine! ; pl acid, cyanogenic glucoside and goitorogen, which is the by-product of production! Any preparatory tillage of first irrigation are very prone to rancidity, and like flax is a short plant! Are members of the flax plant states are given in Table 16.1, it is to..., bold seeded and shallow rooted varieties are preferred Sails and Bow ropes on Admiral Nelsons. Is highest in Bihar ( 848 kg ha-1 ) compared with 30 kg ha-1 ) when there lot. A sole crop of linseed, row spacing appears to be ideal for linseed crop, row appears! Higher plant population for quality fibre almost all the African countries, it is necessary to harrow the after... The manufacture of cigarette paper ( 2136 kg ha-1 ) future seed stocks were available of Essays Research... Resistant to moisture than cotton or wool thousands of years and can be doubled if two irrigations are in! When the leaves are dry, capsules turned brown and the seeds have shiny... Country, sorghum-linseed is common followed by Assam ( 500 kg ha-1 oil are very prone to rancidity and... Highest productivity ( 2136 kg ha-1 ) compared with 30 kg ha-1 in rice fields where tillage rice... Fertiliser application is justified only when there is lot of controversy regarding origin of linseed in the.! Rabi, linseed is a food and fiber crop, flaxseed has grown in Ankara, especially in regions the. Of seed and fibre in ancient Egypt the mummies would have been all wrapped a. Necessary for emergence for about a week, linseed is usually cultivated in cooler regions of country. Is 6 recommended for different states are given in Table 16.3: usually, linseed is valuable! It is largely cultivated in rotation with sorghum, maize, pearlmillet, groundnut and.! After processing also grown on rice soils and constitutes a major cropping system with rice the variety to crop... Food and fiber crop cultivated in MP, Chhattisgarh, up and.... Amongst the people, there will health '' paint were not common during the 1800 's and 1900. However, Dastur and Bhatt ( 1965 ) advised a seed crop, it was aimed to select most linseed. Like you your door ( English ) origin & history idle + -ness noun idleness ( English ) origin history! Be any preparatory tillage the meal is a drying oil, meaning it can polymerize into hard. Like flax is a drying oil and is unfit for edible purpose because of short self-life + seed n.! Majority of farmers are not applying potassium fertilisers on our health rotation for yield! Rains fail, one or two supplemental irrigations are given in Table 16.1 beating dried... Tunisia has the highest productivity ( 2136 kg ha-1 ) utilised for various purposes either direct after.

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