19th century railroad map
Cheffin's lithographic map of the same line at a larger scale and J.R. Jobbins' lithographic maps of England and Wales and of the London and Southampton Railway. In John W. Amerman's book entitled The Illinois Central Rail-Road Company Offers for Sale Over 2,000,000 Acres Selected Farming and Wood Land (New York, 1856) appears an "Outline Map of Illinois" which emphasizes the Illinois Central Railroad by a heavy black line, with stations interspersed evenly along the line to give the illusion of proximity of populated places along the line. This aid took two forms: loans and land grants. That same year, Rand McNally used the plates from the large map to produce its famous Commercial Atlas and Marketing Guide, which is now in its 105th edition. "31 An 1879 Rand McNally booklet confirms that, map 'designing' to other than a railroad official, might seem a peculiar phrase, but the majority of railroad maps have some 'peculiar designs' hidden under the careful pencil of the draughtsman. Chicago." The various friendly interests must be shown to best advantage, and the rival interests disposed of in a manner that 'no fellow can find out.' This was essentially the route traversed by Josiah Gregg in 1839 and later surveyed by Col. John J. Abert. 1899 Railroad Map of Montana| 19th Century Montana State Railway Plan Print| Montana Old Map| Old Map Wall Art| Wall Decor Old Map HunnapPrintHouse. The railroads sold the land to settlers for cash. It also show the slightly later competing track of the Boston and Maine Railroad through Andover , Reading , Wakefield , Melrose , and Malden . Railroads and Their Rising Impact on the 19th Century American Society 2253 Words 10 Pages The nineteenth century America was a period of history following a number of long lasting wars and also a whole new start to new changes in society. It covers the country between the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers as far as Winchester, Va. A table lists the surveyed routes. Railroads and Their Rising Impact on the 19th Century American Society 2253 Words 10 Pages The nineteenth century America was a period of history following a number of long lasting wars and also a whole new start to new changes in society. Probably more original map projections have been made in our map drawing room than have ever been produced in the United States. It embraces western Pennsylvania, western Maryland, parts of Virginia and West Virginia and most of Ohio and indicates several "preferred" and "'surveyed" lines to Wheeling and Pittsburgh as well as other possible northern and southern routes in the area. The following year the Mauch Chunk "gravity road," used for transporting anthracite coal, was constructed in Pennsylvania.4, John Stevens, who shares credit with Fulton for inventing the steamboat, is considered to be the father of American railroads. With Warren's map the work of the Topographical Engineers on the preliminary Pacific surveys came to an end.29. The use of "zincography" in America as early as 1849 is credited to P.S. Map showing the route and connections of the Wheeling and ... Map of rail road surveys from Worcester to Baldwinville & N.H. ... Map showing the line of the Connecticut & Western Railroad and ... Tunison's railroad, distance, and township map of New York from ... Railroad map showing the lands of the Standard Coal and Iron Co.... Mitchell's new traveller's guide through the United States, ... Map of the central portion of the United States showing the ... Rail road & township map of Massachusetts, published at the ... Geography and Map Reading Room, Guide to the Collections. The lawmakers, however, could not agree on an eastern terminus and they did not comprehend the merits of the several routes west. Others utilized both reproduction methods, and in some instances "engraving" was done on stone. This is one of the earliest promotional maps submitted to Congress and was, according to its author, conceived as early as 1830.25 (See entry 14. Eng., 1831 and 1832," was based on surveys by Lts. May 20, 2018 – Acton’s 19th Century Railroad History May 20, 2018 @ 4:00 pm - 5:30 pm « May 11, 2018 – Ribbon-Cutting Ceremony for Phase 2A of the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail 1900 commercial map of the East showing the Trans-Siberian Railway and its European connections #19th_century , #europe , #france Southern Africa military map from 1900, showing British, Dutch and Portuguese territories ; as well as the Boer Republics - the South African Republic and … Click on the maps below to start exploring. (See entry 619. Land-grant maps, which were published for many years, were frequently used by land speculators to advertise railroad lands for sale to the public. Among the collections are official printed government surveys conducted to determine the most practical railroad routes, Pacific Railroad Surveys, U.S. General Land Office maps which show land grants to railroads, surveys for specific rights-of-way, and general surveys prepared to accompany progress reports of individual railroads. A List of Manuscript Maps, Many of the Civil War Period, Prepared by Major Jed. 2Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 4 (1880): 422, and 11 (1887):243. ), Publication of 19th-century American railroad maps paralleled similar developments in Europe. "22 (See entry 614.). 21Report of the Engineers, on the Reconnoissance and surveys, made in reference to the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road (Baltimore: Printed by W. Wooddy, 1828). British railroads were first shown on a map in Philippe Vandermaelen's Atlas de L'Europe, published in Brussels in two volumes between 1829 and 1833. To fill requests for special-purpose maps, the new printing methods contributed greatly to the volume and variety of railroad maps. For the little Santa Cruz Railroad itself - as for many smaller railroads built in the late 19th century - its story was briefer. What do the colours mean? Under the provisions of the Army Appropriation Act of March 1853, Secretary of War Jefferson Davis was directed to survey possible routes to the Pacific. The firm was taken over by the Pendletons in 1830.16, The collections also include examples of original manuscript railroad maps, among which are several prepared by the Confederate engineer, Maj. Jedediah Hotchkiss. These incredible late 19th century maps offer a glimpse into the urban landscape of America after 1865, post-Civil War, when New York was home to two million and was yet to see widespread electricity. The wealth of data used in compiling 22 large individual maps published with the 13 handsomely illustrated volumes of the Pacific Railroad Surveys,28 was the basic source material for Lt. Gouverneur Kemble Warren's "Map of the Territory of the United States from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean." Some cover major segments of our country and depict the interrelationship of various modes of transportation. Between 1882 and 1891 Rand McNally produced elephant-sized maps at the scale of 1:506,880 or I inch to 8 miles, in 12 panels which when joined formed a map more than 10 x 15 feet in size. 19th century. As early as 1868 most western railroads established profitable land departments and bureaus of immigration, with offices in Europe, to sell land and promote foreign settlement in the western United States. Also in 1838, Irish railroads were depicted by Henry Drury Harness, an early statistical cartographer.6, Planning, surveying and mapping, and construction of railroads in America progressed rapidly and haphazardly, without direction or supervision from the states that granted charters to construct such works. Zinc plates were adaptable to the rotary steampower press, which was first installed by Duval in his Philadelphia lithographic establishment.10 (See entries 81, 600, and 601. Numerous additional titles at the University of Chicago Library--and in other North American libraries--can be found by searching with Library of Congress subject headings. Izard in 1832. By 1850, when the incentive to survey and map public works on a large scale was stimulated by the discovery of gold in California, the existing railroad network provided an excellent base for a productive decade of American railroad surveying and mapping.7, The Civil War provided another stimulus for railroad mapping, because of the strategic importance of rail transportation to the armies. Railroads played a significant role in the overall development of Colorado. 22 Slason Thompson, A Short History of American Railways (Chicago: Bureau of Railway News and Statistics, 1925), p. 154. Founded by George Pullman, the Pullman company was the premier manufacturer of railway rolling stock and was based in Chicago, Illinois. 33 Rand McNally and Company, Railway Guide The Travelers' Hand Book, (Chicago, January 1873), p. xvii, and "A Tradition is Born ... Rand McNally's First Maps," Ranally World (December 1962):8. The first railroad charter in the United States was granted to Stevens in 1815.5 Grants to others followed, and work soon began on the first operational railroads. When the results of the surveys were analyzed it was apparent that additional data on the roadbeds, grades, and passes were needed for the 32d parallel route to California. 199, 341. Railroad map production continued at a strong pace into the early 20th century, until expansion of the network was completed. He notes that in New England "some spirited individuals have adopted legislative measures to ensure an early completion for the Boston and Providence Railroad, whose surveys have been completed. Responsibility for surveying and mapping the grants fell to the U.S. General Land Office, now the Bureau of Land Management. Theodore D. Judah, the engineer of the Sacramento Valley Railroad (see entry 552), became obsessed with the desire to build a transcontinental railroad. 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