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[47][35][82], The old city of Fez includes more than a hundred funduqs or foundouks (traditional inns, or urban caravanserais). Under Almohad rule the city grew to become one of the largest in the world between 1170 and 1180, with an estimated 200,000 people living there.[18]. [35] The oldest sections of the walls today thus date back to this time. [35] Today, it is an example of a kasbah serving as a residential district much like the rest of the medina, with its own neighborhood mosque. Guests can enjoy the o... Prices from 29 € ⴼⴰⵙ-ⵎⴻⴾⵏⴰⵙ) – region administracyjny w Maroku, w północnej części kraju.W 2014 roku liczył 4,2 mln mieszkańców.Siedzibą administracyjną regionu jest Fez.. Dzieli się na dwie prefektury i siedem prowincji: Like other Territorial Collectivities in Morocco, its members are elected for a six-year term. The Miknasa were driven out of Fez in 980 by the Maghrawa, their fellow Zenata, allies of the Caliphate of Córdoba. [35], Since the inception of the city, tanning industry has been continually operating in the same fashion as it did in the early centuries. In 1033, several thousand Jews were killed in the Fez Massacre. The region of Fez and Meknes has some of the best terroirs in Morocco for the production of quality olive oil. The MAS Fez basketball team competes in the Nationale 1, Morocco's top basketball division. The Medina is very beautiful, so, walking on the old streets, seeing the buildings, visit the most important places and buying in the shops is an incredible experience. [51][35] Elsewhere, the Jewish quarter (Mellah) is the site of the 17th-century Ibn Danan Synagogue and multiple other synagogues, though none of them are functioning today. Further south is the town of Sefrou, while the city of Meknes, the next largest city in the region, is located further southwest. Région Fès Meknès - مرحبا بكم في الموقع الرسمي لجهة فاس-مكناس. The Encyclopedia of World History", "Sufi Revival and Islamic Literacy: Tijaniyya Writings in Twentieth-Century Nigeria", "Morocco Compact - Millennium Challenge Corporation", "Weather history for Fez, Figuig, Morocco : Fez average weather by month", "Climatological Information for Fez, Morocco", "The normals data and climate variable descriptions are presented in these tables as provided by the WMO Member country", "Recensement général de la population et de l'habitat de 2004", "La corporation des tanneurs et l'industrie de la tannerie à Fès", "Business in Fez, Othman Benjelloun (Morocco)", "Pilgrimage, Spiritual Tourism and the Shaping of Transnational 'Imagined Communities': the Case of the Tidjani Ziyara to Fez", "Oldest higher-learning institution, oldest university", "Jnane Sbile or Bab Bou Jeloud garden in Fez", "Fès: Les fondouks de la médina restaurés et labellisés", "The Architecture of the Hammams of Fez, Morocco", "Histoire du Maroc : Palais Jamai, Patrimoine universel. It includes two prefectures (Fez and Meknes) and seven provinces (Sefrou, Boulemane, Moulay Yacoub, Ifrane, El hajeb, Taza and Taounate). This architecture is characterised by construction techniques and decoration developed over a period of more than ten centuries, and where local knowledge and skills are interwoven with diverse outside inspiration (Andalusian, Middle Eastern and African). [101][102], The city's first private university, the Private University of Fez, was created in 2013 out of the École polytechnique de Technologie founded 5 years earlier. [35] It too had its own mosque, known as the Bou Jeloud Mosque. Fez or Fes (/fɛz/; Arabic: فاس‎, romanized: fās, Berber languages: ⴼⴰⵙ, romanized: fas, French: Fès) is a city in northern inland Morocco and the capital of the Fès-Meknès administrative region. [81] Many bourgeois and aristocratic mansions were also accompanied by private gardens, especially in the southwestern part of Fes el-Bali, an area once known as al-'Uyun. [105], The city is served by the region's main international airport, Fès–Saïs, located roughly 15 km south of the city center. [14], Each city had its great mosque, its markets, and currency. [86][87][88] Notable examples, all dating from around the 14th century, include the Hammam as-Saffarin, the Hammam al-Mokhfiya, and the Hammam Ben Abbad. Frost is not uncommon during the winter period. Michael Dumper, Bruce E. Stanley, pagina 151. The Kasbah Bou Jeloud, which no longer exists as a kasbah today, was once the governor's residence and stood near Bab Bou Jeloud, south of the Kasbah an-Nouar. [97], Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University is a public university founded in 1975 and is the largest in the city by attendance, counting over 86,000 students in 2020. Rainfall can reach up to 800 mm (31 in) in good years. [60] The Zawiya of Moulay Idriss II (previously mentioned) and the Zawiya of Sidi Ahmed al-Tijani include mosque areas as well, as do several other prominent zawiyas in the city. Elle est l'ancien chef-lieu de la région administrative de Meknès-Tafilalet et actuellement l'un des deux pôles urbains de la région Fès-Meknès dans le nord du pays. These were commercial structures which provided lodging for merchants and travelers or housed the workshops of artisans. Its current president is Mohand … [91][47] The lavish former mansion of the Glaoui clan, known as the Dar Glaoui, is partly open to visitors but still privately owned. These two historic cities are linked together and are usually referred to together as the "medina" of Fez, though this term is sometimes applied more restrictively to Fes el-Bali only. [47]:296[35]:100 Today it is the oldest garden of Fes. Under Almoravid rule, the city gained a reputation for religious scholarship and mercantile activity. The old city is located in a valley along the banks of the Oued Fes (Fez River) just above its confluence with the larger Sebou River to the northeast. Fez reached its zenith in the Marinid era (13th-15th centuries), regaining its status as political capital. [74][75][76] The two other major tanneries are the Sidi Moussa Tannery to the west of the Zawiya of Moulay Idris II and the Ain Azliten Tannery in the neighbourhood of the same name on the northern edge of Fes el-Bali. In 808 Al-'Aliya replaced Walili as the capital of the Idrisids. This could not keep the Almoravid emir Ibn Tashfin from conquering it in 1070, after more than a decade of battling the Zenata warriors in the area and constant besieging of the city. Meknes is one of the most prestigious imperial cities of Morocco, like Fez, Marrakech and Rabat. Professionnels du Tourisme de la Région Fes-Meknes. [25] The madrasas are a hallmark of Marinid architecture, with its striking blending of Andalusian and Almohad traditions. The tanneries are packed with the round stone wells filled with dye or white liquids for softening the hides. This traditional system continued to be used even up to the 21st century. Unsubscribe from Région Fès-Meknès? Under Almoravid patronage the largest expansion and renovation of the Great Mosque of al-Qarawiyyin took place (1134-1143). [35]:318 They also frequently served as venues for other commercial activities such as markets and auctions. 2500 hotel beds and 3000 beds in a guest house The agreement, signed by the president of the region, Mohand Laensar, and the … [35] The oldest gates today, and historically the most important ones of the city, are Bab Mahrouk (in the west), Bab Guissa (in the northeast), and Bab Ftouh (in the southeast). [66] Some of the main gates have existed, in different forms, since the earliest years of the city. Site official de la région Fès-Meknès. The madrasa is the oldest existing and continually operating degree-awarding educational institution in the world according to UNESCO and Guinness World Records. Other kasbahs include the Kasbah Tamdert, built by the Saadis near Bab Ftouh, and the Kasbah Cherarda, built by the Alaouite sultan Moulay al-Rashid just north of Fes Jdid. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. [17], Like many Moroccan cities, Fez was greatly enlarged during the Almohad Caliphate and saw its previously dominating rural aspect lessen. Answer 1 of 7: Heading to Morocco in September for the 3rd time. The military watchtowers built in its early days during the Idrisid era were relatively small. Située au centre nord du Maroc, elle a été instituée conformément au décret n°2.15.10 du 20 Février 2015, fixant le nombre des régions, leurs noms, leurs chefs-lieux et les préfectures et provinces qui les composent, publié au Bulletin Officiel n° 6340 du 05 Mars 2015. Fez is also considered the cultural and spiritual capital of Morocco. [20][21] It is from the Marinid period that Fez's reputation as an important intellectual centre largely dates. The area was blessed with water flowing everywhere. Today, the tanning industry in the city is considered one of the main tourist attractions. Fez was founded under Idrisid rule during the 8th-9th centuries CE. [66] City walls were placed into the current positions during the 11th century, under the Almoravid rule. The streets were paved and, according to the tenth-century geographer, Ibn Hawqal, water was flushed into the suqs every summer night to clean the ground. After the fall of the Saadi dynasty (1649), Fez was a major trading post of the Barbary Coast of North Africa. [1] Its capital is Fez. 56 likes. Fuel was provided by wood but also by recycling the waste by-products of other industries in the city such as wood shavings from carpenters' workshops and olive pits from the nearby olive presses. At the start of the 13th century they broke down the Idrisid city walls and constructed new ones, which covered a much wider space. [35][47] After the foundation of Fes Jdid by the Marinids in the 13th century, new walls and three new gates such as Bab Dekkakin, Bab Semmarine, and Bab al-Amer were established along its perimeter. Kubisch, Natascha (2011). The city became independent in 1790, under the leadership of Yazid (1790–1792) and later of Abu´r-Rabi Sulayman. The construction projects scheduled for completion in 2016 encompass historic preservation of particular buildings, construction of new buildings that fit into the existing urban fabric and regeneration of the riverfront. World; Fez-Meknes: huge losses for the region because of the crisis Fez was a prime manufacturing location for embroidery and leather goods such as the Adarga. [82], The University of Al Quaraouiyine is considered by some to be the oldest continually-operating university in the world. Fès-Meknès in one of the twelve regions of Morocco, whose capital is the remarkable city of Fes. [86] The warm and hot rooms were heated using a traditional hypocaust system just as Roman bathhouses did, with furnaces usually located behind the hot room. [68] Construction of the new city's gates and towers sometimes employed the labour of Christian prisoners of war. The final agreement concerns the equipment of hospitals in the Fez-Meknes region with intensive care beds in order to improve their ability to offer services, especially for critical COVID-19 cases during this time of the pandemic. In 1276 after a massacre by the population to kill all Jews that was stopped by intervention of the Emir,[19] they founded Fes Jdid, which they made their administrative and military centre. One type of house known, centered around an internal courtyard, is known as a riad. 540. For other uses, see, Funduqs/foundouks (historic merchant buildings). Sahrij Seani is a lake located in the center of Meknes, near a part of the wall, which surrounds almost all the city. The 1465 Moroccan revolt in 1465 overthrew the last Maranid sultan. Ibn Battuta described the city of Fa's, which he passed through on his way to Sijilmasa. Aziza Chaouni: Hybrid Urban Sutures: Filling in the Gaps in the Medina of Fez." Although the capital was moved to Marrakesh under the Almoravids, Fez acquired a reputation for Maliki legal scholarship and became an important centre of trade. It was in this period that the great Andalusian ruler Almanzor commissioned the Maghrawa to rebuild and refurnish the Al-Kairouan mosque, giving it much of its current appearance. However, the city rapidly developed as the military garrison center of the region during the Almoravid era, in which the military operations were commanded and carried out to other North African regions and Southern Europe to the north, and Senegal river to the south. [77][78] Another well-known and important zawiya is the Zawiyia of Sidi Ahmed al-Tijani, which commemorates Sidi Ahmed al-Tijani, the founder of Tijaniyyah tariqa from the 18th century. The Mosque of the Sharifs was the burial site of Idris II and evolved into the Zawiya of Moulay Idris II that exists today, while the al-Anouar Mosque has left only minor remnants. Located to the northeast of the Atlas Mountains, Fez is situated at a crossroad connecting the important cities of different regions; 206 km (128 mi) from Tangier to the northwest, 246 km (153 mi) from Casablanca, 189 km (117 mi) from Rabat to the west, and 387 km (240 mi) from Marrakesh to the southwest which leads to the Trans-Saharan trade route. The Fez-Meknes region reported only 83 new cases despite being home to Fez, one of Morocco’s most populous cities. [a] Fez is becoming an increasingly popular tourist destination and many non-Moroccans are now restoring traditional houses (riads and dars) as second homes in the medina. The Mellah at first consisted of Jews from Fez el Bali and soon saw the arrival of Berber Jews from the Atlas range and Jewish immigrants from al-Andalus. Snowfall on average occurs once every 3 to 5 years. Abd al-Malik himself also died during the battle and would be succeeded by Ahmad al-Mansur. [96] It became a state university in 1963, and remains an important institution of learning today. Morocco Adventure Safari 14 Days 13 Nights ( Comfort Plus ) [31][32], Following the implementation of the Treaty of Fes, the city was heavily damaged in the 1912 Intifada of Fes and belonged to French Morocco until 1956.[33]. En el siglo VIII, la región de Meknès conoció el nacimiento de la primera dinastía de Marruecos, los Idrissidas (786 a 917, fundada por Moulay Idriss I, descendiente del Profeta Sidna Mohammed. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Fes el-Bali is the site of the famous Qarawiyyin University and the Mausoleum of Moulay Idris II, the most important religious and cultural sites, while Fez el-Jdid is the site of the enormous Royal Palace, still used by the King of Morocco today. [2], The region of Fès-Meknes contains 7 provinces and 2 prefectures:[2][3], "Population légale d'après les résultats du RGPH 2014 sur le Bulletin officiel N° 6354", pncl.gov.ma Official Journal of the Kingdom of Morocco in March 2015, Administrative Court Fez lose the "PAM" the presidency of the Regional Council of Taza, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fès-Meknès&oldid=977556543, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 September 2020, at 15:15. [86], Many old private residences have also survived to this day, in various states of conservation. After the death of Abdallah al-Ghalib a new power struggle would emerge, after Abd al-Malik would take Fez with Ottoman support and oust his nephew Abu Abdullah. Some of these cemeteries include marabouts or domed structures containing the tombs of local Muslim saints (often considered Sufis). +4 M. 1.7 million tourists and 3.5 million visitors a year for the Fez-Meknes region. The city grew quickly and by the late 900s, it had about 100,000 inhabitants.[15]. The intention is to not only preserve the quality and characteristics of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, but to encourage the development of the area as a sustainable, mixed-use area for artisanal industries and local residents. El precio es de 100 € (119,70 US$) por vehículo. During Idrisid rule the capital city was known as al-ʿĀliyá, with the name Fas being reserved for the separate site on the other side of the river; no Idrisid coins have been found with the name Fez, only al-ʿĀliyá and al-ʿĀliyá Madinat Idris. The first madrasa built during the Marinid era was the Saffarin Madrasa in Fes el Bali by Sultan Abu Yusuf in 1271. Upon the death of Idris II in 828, the dynasty's territory was divided among his sons. [47], Along with the city walls and gates, several forts were constructed along the defensive perimeters of the medina during the different time periods. (see weather-table below). [35][59][84][85], Fez is also notable for having preserved a great many of its historic hammams (public bathhouses in the Muslim world), thanks in part to their continued usage by locals up to the present day. According to the Rawd al-Qirtas and other Marinid era sources, the Maghrawi emir Dunas Al-Maghrawi filled up the open spaces between the two medinas and the banks of the river, dividing them with new constructions. They later retook the city in 1553 with Ottoman support. Place Lalla Yeddouna at the heart of the Medina is currently undergoing reconstruction and preservation measures following a design competition sponsored by the Millennium Challenge Corporation (Washington D.C.)[34] and the Government of the Morocco. Its capital is Fez. There are numerous historic mosques in the medina, some of which are part of a madrasa or zawiya. [27], After the fall of the Marinids, the city remained the capital of Morocco under the Wattasids. Madinat Fas and Al-'Aliya were united in 1070 by the Almoravid dynasty: The walls dividing them were destroyed, bridges connecting them were built, and connecting walls were constructed that unified the medinas. Hence, Morocco remained the only North-African state to deter and defeat the Ottomans.[28]. Visitaréis Meknes, Volúbilis y Mulay Idrís con un conductor que habla castellano. [47] Larger and richer mansions, such as the Dar Mnebhi, Dar Moqri, and Palais Jamaï (Jamai Palace), have also been preserved. After the downfall of the Idrisid dynasty, other empires came and went until the 11th century when the Almoravid Sultan Yusuf ibn Tashfin united the two settlements into what is today's Fes el-Bali quarter. Fès-Meknès; ber. Meknes is a city located, near Fez in Morocco. [65]:312 Sultan Abu al-Hassan was the most prolific patron of madrasa construction, completing the Al-Attarine, Mesbahiyya and Sahrij Madrasa in Fez alone, and several other madrasas as well in other cities such as Salé and Meknes. Al Karaouin of Fez: The Oldest University in the World, "UEMF - Tout sur Université Euromed de Fès", "Daoudi autorise une première université privée à Fès", "Université Privée de Fès – 1ère Université Privée à Fès Reconnue par l'Etat", "Tourism in Fez-Meknes grows on the strength of religious and wellness visitors", "العلاقات التي تربط مدينة أريحا بالمدن الأجنبية", "Place Lalla Yeddouna A Neighborhood in the Medina of Fez, Morocco: International open project competition in two phases", École nationale des sciences appliquées de Fès, Mosque of the Kasbah an-Nouar (or Kasbah Filala Mosque), Slat al Fassiyin Synagogue (el-Fassiyine Synagogue), Madrasa Fes el-Jdid (Madrasa Dar al-Makhzen), Madrasa Muhammadiyya (Madrasa Mohammadia), Funduq al-Najjariyyin (Foundouk Nejjarine), Funduq Staouniyyin (Foundouk Staouniyine), Place Bou Jeloud (Place Pacha el-Baghdadi), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fez,_Morocco&oldid=991884104, Populated places established in the 8th century, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 5056 residents live in the center, called, 3317 residents live in the center, called, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 08:40. It initially consisted of two autonomous and competing settlements. 1 (2007): 58-63. Boasting a dynamic and diversified economy, the Fez-Meknes region contributed 9.4% to Morocco’s national GDP in 2018, fourth by economic output. [22] They established the first madrasas in the city and country. [47], The Jnane Sbile Garden was created as a royal park and garden in the 19th century by Sultan Moulay Hassan I (ruled 1873-1894) between Fes el-Jdid and Fes el-Bali. [94][95] The university was first founded as a mosque by Fatima al-Fihri in 859 which subsequently became one of the leading spiritual and educational centers of the historic Muslim world. North Africa, 1504-1799. The medina of Fez is listed as a World Heritage Site and is believed to be one of the world's largest urban pedestrian zones (car-free areas). [51] In 1981, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) proclaimed Medina of Fez a World Cultural Heritage site, as "[they] include a considerable number of religious, civil and military monuments that brought about a multi-cultural society. Archit 96 no. The water was also transported to public baths and 300 mills. It is the second largest city in Morocco after Casablanca,[4] with a population of 1.22 million (2020). In 1795 control of the city returned to Morocco. In this regard, the Alaouite Sultan of Morocco, Moulay Ismail, established a syndicate responsible of verifying, through thorough historical, genealogical and scientific evidence, Moroccan families' sharifian ancestries of Idrissi and Alaouite descent which is still operating to this day under the official name in Arabic of (الرابطة الوطنية للشرفاء الأدارسة وأبناء عمومتهم بالمغرب), their official website is the following: chorafae.com. 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Important ones is the remarkable city of Fes el-Bali is the Marabout Sidi. Ottomans. [ 28 ] a nivel populacional tem 4.236.892 habitantes o representa... Was built in its early days during the Idrisid dynasty by Ahmad al-Tijani ( d. 1815 ), and... Divided cities known as Madinat Fas and Al-'Aliya were united under a single enclosure as hotels for the region. ( historic merchant buildings ) for both garrison and defense this is the oldest tanneries in the tanneries are with... Century it was the only place in the world, Each city its... Is strongly similar to that of Seville and Córdoba, Andalusia, Spain 1815 ), had spiritual! Population of 4,236,892 ( 2014 census ) a year for the 3rd time coronavirus... To Morocco in September for the 3rd time the MAS Fez ( Fés )!, for example, was converted into a luxury hotel in the battle of Tadla by French. Prime manufacturing location for embroidery and leather goods produced in the meanwhile, the university of Quaraouiyine! Settlements would soon develop into two walled and largely autonomous sites, often in conflict with one another: Fas!

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